Drechsel, S., Mayr, G.J. We present new global maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification at an unprecedented 1-km resolution for the present-day (1980-2016) and for projected future conditions (2071-2100) under climate change. Russell, H. C. 1877. 'Uni Students for Climate 7NEWS Sydney - Climate. These were the seasons of the Sydney region according to the Aboriginal people living there:, Streets with tree canopy, which are usually found in the, Streets without tree cover, usually found in the west, would experience hotter temperatures due to. Although not usually considered a suburb of Sydney, Picton, a town in the Macarthur Region of Sydney, recorded a low of −10.0 °C (14.0 °F) on 16 July 1970. MacDonnell, Freda. Every information source I look up about Sydney's climate, it only says temperate. Batt, K, 1995: Sea breezes on the NSW coast, Offshore Yachting, Oct/Nov 1995, Jamieson Publishing.  The average 3pm dewpoint temperature in the summer ranges from 16.2 °C (61.2 °F) at the coast, to 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) inland. T. A. Browne, who kept weather observations, noted that "the years 1836, 1837 and 1838 were years of drought, and in one of these years (1836) a remarkable thing happened. f = significant precipitation in all seasons. Weather stations at an altitude above 1210m have not been included. The ocean waters play a … Estrutura geral da classificação. Precipitation here is about 1309 mm | 51.5 inch per year. Coffs Harbour has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 111, 199-224.  In late autumn and winter, east coast lows can bring large amounts of rainfall. Rainfall in December was just 1.6 millimetres at Observatory Hill, overthrowing the record low of 2.8 millimetres recorded for the month in 1979. Heatwaves, which are regularly occurring in recent years, would usually lead to water restrictions and a high risk of bushfires, which sometimes bring a smoky haze to the city. , During late winter, warm dry westerly winds which dominate may raise the maximum temperatures as high as 27 °C (81 °F) in some instances. Winds S/SE 15 to 20 km/h becoming N/NE 15 to 25 km/h in the middle of the day. Dewpoints would be higher in late summer, reaching 20 °C (68 °F), especially in the mornings and evenings, although they would usually be lower in the heat of the day, dipping as low as 9 °C (48 °F) in the extremely hot day. They typically look like as if a sheet of cloud is rolled up like a scroll by the advancing wind. . Cooma  9am relative humidity is the lowest in the year during spring, ranging from 58% to 68%, with early spring receiving lower figures.  Though at times, sea breezes would moderate the temperatures and raise humidity. And make no mistake: An increase of 5 degrees Celsius (or 9 degrees Fahrenheit) is a huge deal. Sydney, New South Wales - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts.  July 2017 to June 2018 in southeastern Australia proved to be the hottest financial year on record with maximum temperatures being the warmest on record and minimums above average. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate.  October 2015 had the warmest nights on record, which were 3.3 °C (5.9 °F) above average. The coastal suburbs would mostly get an advective fog, which floats ashore from the meeting of warm water offshore and cold water nearby on the land. Location. Climate zone 3 - hot dry summer, warm winter. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Cfa.  Moreover, a heat logger registered a temperature of 52.0 °C (125.6 °F) at Berkshire Park, making it the hottest temperature ever recorded in Sydney, albeit an unofficial one. Settled snow has become less common in recent decades. ; 2 Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología y Geología, Física y Química Inorgánica, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Calle Tulipán Sin Número, Móstoles 28933, Spain. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Aw. The average annual temperature in Coffs Harbour is 18.8 °C | 65.9 °F. Climate data and weather averages in Douala. The rainfall in Sydney is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. Meanwhile, the Föhn arch, with its broad layer of altostratus cloud, shapes downwind of the mountains in the ascending component of a standing lee mountain wave. Temperatures were warmer than normal following several heatwave events during December and January. Over half of New South Wales has an arid or semi-arid climate. , In winter, the diurnal range in the western suburbs is relatively high, with temperatures being as high as 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and as low as 3 °C (37 °F) at night. Hoinka, K.P. Highs of 12 °C (54 °F), whilst rare, are not unheard of in winter. Nowra / ˈ n aʊər ə / is a city in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.It is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) south-southwest of the state capital of Sydney (about 120 kilometres (75 mi) as the crow flies. In some occasions, hot dry days are cooled down by a southerly buster, which eventually lower the temperatures from 40 °C (104 °F) to as low as 19 °C (66 °F). , During this condition, an orographic cloud band, or the Föhn wall, builds up along the ridgelines of the NSW highlands due to condensation of moisture as the air ascends the windward slopes. Many areas of the city bordering bushland have experienced bushfires, notably in 1994 and 2001–02 — these tend to occur during the spring and summer. Sydney 16-degree temperature difference in Sydney suburbs on Friday: Why? Sydney experiences a hot and humid summers and mild winters. Temperate can mean a lot of different climate types so it's too vague of a description. Originating from the north-eastern region of South Australia, the dust storm lifted thousands of tons of dirt and soil which were then dumped in Sydney Harbour and the Tasman Sea. For example, date palms grow only in regions where the mean temperature of the coldest month is greater than 18 degrees C, so Köppen chose the 18 degree C isotherm in the coldest month as the boundary of the equatorial climate. The inland suburbs would generally receive radiation fog thanks to nocturnal cooling under a clear sky of humid maritime air that was brought inland by the previous day's sea breeze. Wintry highs of 18 °C (64 °F) may be expected in the last week of autumn.  The highest recorded maximum temperature for the western suburbs was recorded at Penrith with a high of 48.9°C (120 °F) on 4 January 2020. Hot air from the interior that soar temperatures to over 35 °C (95 °F) can be expected, especially in the months of October and November. Climate of New South Wales: Descriptive, Historical, and Tabular.  In the late morning and early lunchtime of 22 November 2018, a dust storm, stretching about 500 kilometres, swept through Sydney due to a low pressure trough and cold front that picked up dry soil in drought-ridden areas of far western NSW that week. Precipitation varies across … 6 metros ibabaw sa dagat kahaboga ang nahimutangan sa Sydney International Airport. However, water levels since then have recovered in 2013. Winds N/NW 20 to 30 km/h becoming light early in the morning then becoming W 15 to 25 km/h in the middle of the day. Like the Australian climate, the climate of NSW varies greatly among different regions and from year to year. It gets quite hot in the summers when most days are in the low 30's ( 86 fahrenheit + ) or the very high 20's. This climate is considered to be Af according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Port Macquarie 8 February 2011, Year 2009: Very warm with below average rainfall in Sydney, Sydney in July 2013: Warmest July on record, Sydney in September 2013: Warmest September on record, Climate Council reports warmest September on record, September’s average temperature for Sydney beats 33-year-old record, October blew away heat records for any month of any year: Bureau of Meteorology, "Warm weather set to continue as smoke from burns lingers in Sydney", Hottest financial year on record BOM data shows, "Weather forecast: Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide heatwave hell", "Sydney clocks the hottest place on Earth as hot weather continues", "Sydney has its hottest April day on record and the endless summer looks set to continue", Climate of Sydney Australia the Good and the Bad, "Climate statistics for Bankstown Airport", Australian Rainfall & Runoff PROJECT 1 Development of Intensity Frequency-Duration Information across Australia, Storm hits Sydney after scorching day of hot weather, Average pan evaporation - Average annual, monthly and seasonal evaporation, "Climate Statistics for Australian Locations", Wind & weather statistics Botany Bay/Sydney Airport, Wilder winds, less rain, as Roaring Forties become Furious Fifties, Sydney weather: Flights cancelled as wild winds set to batter NSW throughout weekend, BOM warns NSW to brace for worse weather as strong winds tear roof off Newcastle nursing home, Appendix D Western Sydney Airport Usability Report, "Year 2009: Very warm with below average rainfall in Sydney", "Sydney turns red: dust storm blankets city", Brisbane on alert as dust storms sweep east, "Third warmest winter on record for Sydney", Sydney in January 2011: Warm start to 2011, "Sydney in midst of driest summer for more than 70 years", "2017 brought another year of weather extremes as drought and heat took its toll", Dust storm hits Sydney, NSW Government issues air quality warning, Worst drought in more than 100 years now on Sydney’s doorstep, "Sydney smoke haze reaches 11 times the hazardous level", "Sydney smoke: bushfires haze smothers landmarks – in pictures", "Bushfire smoke makes Sydney air quality worse than Delhi", "Sydney fire haze equal to 'smoking 32 cigarettes, "Sydney, New South Wales Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "GLOBAL ECOLOGICAL ZONING FOR THE GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES ASSESSMENT 2000", http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=122&p_display_type=dailyDataFile&p_startYear=2016&p_c=-872174116&p_stn_num=066037, http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=123&p_display_type=dailyDataFile&p_startYear=2016&p_c=-872174312&p_stn_num=066037, "Climate statistics for Prospect Reservoir", Monthly mean maximum temperature for Sydney (Observatory Hill), Monthly mean maximum temperature for Bankstown Airport AWS, Monthly mean maximum temperature for Penrith Lakes AWS, Monthly mean maximum temperature for Prospect Reservoir, NSW and Sydney monthly climate summary archive, NSW & Sydney seasonal climate summary archive, NSW & Sydney annual climate summary archive, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Sydney&oldid=993488865, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Use Australian English from February 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 21:48. The sedimentary rocks have been subject to uplift with gentle folding and minor faulting during the formation of the Great Dividing Range. Temperate Marine climate/Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Tamworth The present-day map is derived from an ensemble of four high-resolution, topographically-corrected climatic maps. The north-east of the state is dominated by summer rainfall, with relatively dry winters. Brunswick Heads  Efforts have been introduced to investigate and mitigate this heat effect, including increasing shade from tree canopies, adding rooftop gardens to high rise structures and changing pavement colour. Heavier rain and cloudiness are also to be expected more in June, on average, than the latter winter months. Orange , Because the subtropical ridge lies to the north of Sydney this time of the year, it will bring westerly winds from the interior that produce mostly sunny conditions, at times warm, with the temperatures averaging between 21 °C (70 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F) with relatively low dewpoints, hovering between 4 °C (39 °F) and 12 °C (54 °F). The rainfall in Newcastle is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. Sydney climate summary The Sydney lies on 27m above sea level Sydney's climate is classified as warm and temperate. ", "Special Climate Statement 43 – extreme heat in January 2013". Sub divisions within the key climate groups", "Sydney (Observatory Hill) Period 1991-2020", "Climate statistics for Australian locations Sydney Airport AMO", "Australian Climate Averages - Relative Humidity (February)", "Hot Enough? Annual Weather Averages in Douala. Sydney's climate is classified as warm and temperate. New South Wales has many different climates, but is dominated by Cfa. Moderately cool summer … , The Blue Mountains, a temperate oceanic region bordering on Sydney's metropolitan area, have a reputation for snow in winter, with places such as Katoomba, Leura and Blackheath receiving the most snow due to their higher elevation. There is also an extended table with more statistics available.  According to the Bureau of Meteorology, Sydney falls in the temperate climate zone which has warm to hot summers[a] and no dry season. Observatory Hill only received 17 mm (0.67 in) of rain in January.  Such extremes usually happen in mid-late spring. The lowest recorded maximum temperature at Observatory Hill was 7.7 °C (45.9 °F). , The transition from late summer to autumn is gradual, where noticeably cooler and crisper conditions taking in effect by around mid-April. Furthermore, most mornings and nights would be muggy, with the 9am relative humidity ranging from 69% to 75%. This is true even for the driest month. Annual Weather Averages in Douala. In summer, Sydney can go for long periods without rainfall. The average daily maximum between 1859 and 2004 was 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). This is true even for the driest month. , In the Sydney central business district, an average of 15 days a year have temperatures of more than 30 °C (86 °F) and 3 days with temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F). The climate is characterised by hot summers and mild winters. It’s peak jacaranda season: Here’s where to see them, in August 2013: Warm, dry, sunny end to winter, Climate Change in the Sydney Metropolitan Catchments, Greater Sydney Commission report: Sydney’s gaping urban heat and liveability imbalance, These two Western Sydney streets are completely different temperatures — here's why, First western Sydney microclimate maps reveal extent of heat variation in region, Extreme measures: An ecologist’s urban sensors show us just how hot Western Sydney is getting, Sydney weather: How urbanisation creates hot microclimates in our suburbs. Major bushfires impacted western Sydney and the Blue Mountains, resulting in some evacuations, closed roads, and destroyed homes. Summer 2018-19 rainfall across Greater Sydney was close to average in nearly all suburbs. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 35° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.. Albury Temperate Marine climate/Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).  On 23 September 2009, a dust storm that started in South Australia and inland New South Wales blanketed the city with reddish orange skies early in the morning. These conditions are rare in September, but not unheard of. , September 2017 was the driest on record, with the gauge receiving only 0.2 mm (0.0079 in) of rain. , The lowest maximum temperature in spring was 9.5 °C (49.1 °F), recorded on 8 September 1869. Although, unlike late summer, the nights may be seemingly cooler and crispier. The precipitation of December 2013 and January 2014, inclusively, only added up to 48.4 mm (1.91 in), which is only a quarter of a typical amount for December and January. The climate of Sydney is humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa), shifting from mild and cool in winter to warm and hot in the summer, with no extreme seasonal differences as the weather is moderated by proximity to the ocean, although more contrasting temperatures are recorded in the inland western suburbs. The Sydney Herald reported on the same incident, saying, "for the first time in the memory of the oldest inhabitants, snow fell in Sydney on the morning of Tuesday last. In mid-autumn, the highs typically average at a pleasant 22 °C (72 °F) or 23 ° C (73 ° F), rarely going above 30 °C (86 °F) or below 20 °C (68 °F). The climate is warm and temperate in Coffs Harbour. By November, summery conditions begin, with temperatures normally ranging between 24 °C (75 °F) and as high as 30 °C (86 °F), albeit with relatively low humidity. Here’s the climate reality: Since 1910, Australia's climate has warmed by more than 1 degree Celsius (or 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit). Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane Australia’s most populated area (and the most frequented by tourists), the east coast, enjoys a pleasant climate. Batemans Bay Smog is noticeable on hot days, even without bushfires. The rainfall in Sydney is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. Climate data over a period of 78 years (1929 – 2007) from Sydney airport has been used for this study. Despite the fact that there is no distinct dry or wet season, rainfall peaks in the first half of the year and is at its lowest in the second half, though rainfall can be erratic throughout the year. The warmest year on record was 2016, with a mean temperature of 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) degrees. As the ridge moves south in summer and autumn, the winds become easterly. , Sydney experiences an urban heat island effect, making certain parts of the city more vulnerable to extreme heat, particularly the west. The Great Australian Weather Debate! The longest days in Bondi Beach are in December, with an average of 14.4 hours of daylight per day.June has the shortest days with an average of 9.9 hours of daylight per day.. , In 2011, Sydney had the driest February in 30 years with only 18 mm (0.71 in) of rain falling, which is well below the average of 118 mm (4.6 in). Yamba He explained that cooling the CBD would reduce the temperature by 1.5 °C in the west and tree coverage could cool down suburban streets by as much as 10 °C (50 °F) in hot days since high-density housing developments and scarce trees trap heat. In a year, the rainfall is 932 mm | 36.7 inch. , According to ecologist, Dr Sebastian Pfautsch from the University of Freiburg, in Sydney's hot days there could be discrepancies of up to 22 more days above 40 °C (104 °F) recorded in urban space compared to a weather station from the Bureau of Meteorology. Fingal Bay He published his first scheme in 1900. As well as a subject we feel passionate about, the team at Sydney Environmental Group has the capability to prepare Climate Change Impact and Risk Assessments to help individuals, businesses and governments assess and quantify the risks associated with projected climate change impacts.  The highest recorded minimum at Observatory Hill is 27.6 °C (81.7 °F), registered on 6 February 2011. Some of the western suburbs recorded the lowest total February rainfall on record. Furthermore, the diurnal range is higher in this season than it is in autumn. , The region of Sydney is subject to phenomena typical of a microclimate, namely in late spring and summer, where the western suburbs would be hotter than the Sydney CBD by 6–10 °C (11–18 °F) due to urban sprawl exacerbating the urban heat island effect and less exposure to mitigating sea breezes which cool down Sydney's eastern edge and would fail to move 9 km (5.6 mi) inland. , Temperatures in autumn are usually consistent and stable, lacking any extremes that tend to be experienced in spring and summer. , Sydney experienced its hottest summer since records began in the summer of 2016-17, with more than 10 days over 35 °C (95 °F). , In late spring and summer, Sydney can sometimes get northwesterly winds from the Outback, which are dry and hot, making the temperatures soar above 38 °C (100 °F), with the relative humidity as low as 15%. Lord Howe Island As the subtropical ridge is north of Sydney in mid-late winter, it picks up dry westerlies from the continent's interior because of its anticlockwise rotation, thus producing more sunny days in the region, hence why August has the highest sunshine percentage than any other month. Agriculture in the south, which depends on regular rainfall from cold fronts traversing Australia’s south-east in winter, receives less rain in summer. Wagga Wagga Sydney Funnel-webs are shiny, dark brown to black spiders with finger-like spinnerets (silk-spinning organs) at the end of their abdomen. The dramatic temperature difference between costal and inland areas is caused by a combination of desert-warmed air from central Australia reaching the west, and as well as density of housing, lack of vegetation or open spaces, and the Blue Mountains which help trap the hot air. Sydney (UoS) to conduct a Phase Abercrombie Precinct Redevelopment Phase II EA is in support of a Part 3a Major Redevelopment. Weather stations at an altitude above 1210m have not been included. Abstract: The grids shows the Köppen classification indicies across Australia in the form of two-dimensional array data. Furthermore, in that year, the city received less than half of its long-term average rainfall between July and December. Its mean temps in January and February are 22.3C, just high enough to qualify. However, the western suburbs are more inclined to have heavy rain and thunder in the summer. Coffs Harbour Also read about the drainage on this link >>> CLIMATE 1. Milder compared to the 2009 storm, the effect of the dust was still apparent across iconic locations such as the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. The other phenomenon that arises from these long, dry and hot periods is bushfires, which occur frequently in the areas surrounding the city. Sydney's Koeppen classification is Cfa (Humid Subtropical) with homoclimes including Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, Brisbane and Southeastern USA. , When it's 25 °C (77 °F) at Bondi for instance, the temperature will be around 30 °C (86 °F) just west of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, around 35 °C (95 °F) near Parramatta and as much as 40 °C (104 °F) 40 km (25 mi) inland. Cessnock The precipitation of the low comes from a nimbostratus cloud that would dump as much as 70 mm (2.76 in) of rain for as much as two days, with the CBD getting higher precipitation amount. Seven (of the ten) warmest years in 151 years of recordkeeping have occurred in the ten years between 2001 and 2010, with this decade being the warmest on record for minimum temperatures.. High chance of showers and the chance of a thunderstorm in the late afternoon and evening. 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